A performance index developed by data envelopment analysis (DEA) to compare the efficiency of fire risk monitoring actions in municipalities of Brazilian Amazon region
José Alberto Quintanilha and Linda Lee Ho
Escola Politécnica – USP – Brazil
PROARCO (Programa de Prevenção, Controle e Combate a incêndios florestais na Amazônia), a program for the prevention and control of burning and forest fires in the Arc of Deforestation, began in the spring of 1998. The program is jointly administered by the Instituto Brasileiro do Meio Ambiente e dos Recursos Naturais Renováveis (IBAMA, the Brazilian government’s official environmental agency), and the Ministry for the Environment, Water Resources, and the Amazon region. The program was designed to monitor agricultural burning and forest fires including monitoring fire risk, to enforce regulations regarding the use of fire in land management, prevent and combat forest fires, and to establish a strategic task force. The fire monitoring program managed by IBAMA collected fire pixels counts from 1998 to 2002 and used them as a measure of wildfire threats for the Amazon region. The objective of the study is to develop a performance index based on the frequency of fire pixel counts and explanatory variables related to land management, census and agricultural data to compare the efficiency of fire risk monitoring actions in municipalities of Brazilian Amazon region. The index was developed using data envelopment analysis (DEA).
Keywords: data envelopment analysis, fire hot pixels, efficiency, Amazon Region, fire monitoring
In: Caetano, M. and Painho, M. (eds). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Spatial Accuracy Assessment in Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, 5 – 7 July 2006, Lisboa, Instituto Geográfico Português